and Weather in Azerbaijan
formation of climate in Azerbaijan is influenced particularly by cold
arctic air masses of Scandinavian anticyclone, temperate of Siberian
anticyclone, and Central Asian anticyclone. Azerbaijan's diverse landscape
affects the ways air masses enter the country. The Greater Caucasus
protects the country from direct influences of cold air masses coming
from the north. That leads to the formation of subtropical climate on
most foothills and plains of the country. Meanwhile, plains and foothills
are characterized by high solar radiation rates.
out of eleven existing climate zones are present in Azerbaijan.
Both the absolute minimum temperature (-33 °C (-27.4 °F)) and
the absolute maximum temperature (+46 °C (114.8 °F)) were observed
in Julfa and Ordubad. The maximum annual rainfall and snowfall is in
Lankaran (1,600 to 1,800 mm) and the minimum in Absheron (200 to 350